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Munnar

Munnar is a picturesque scope of the lofty Western Ghats. Munnar first came into prominence as a favorite summer resort of the British government. The town of Munnar stands at the confluence of three mountain streams. Come to Munnar. Go trekking. Go boating. Go riding. Go angling. Or just laze about and fill your soul with peace in Munnar...

Sprawling tea plantations, picture book towns, winding lanes and holiday facilities make this a popular and most wanted tourist place of Kerala. Among the exotic flora found in the forests and grass lands here is the Neelakurunji. And the places to visit are.. Mattupetty, Devikulam, Pallivasal, Marayoor, Eravikulam national Park, Lock Heart Gap, Chithirapuram, Anayirangal, Attukal, Nyayamakad, Echo Point, Rajamala, Kundala, Power House WaterFalls and Malankara Reservoir.

Why Munnar?

Munnar, the Kashmir of South India is a part of Kerala. It is one of the most popular hill stations in India. Layer after layer of tea gardens, mountain mist, waterfalls and forest sanctuaries make Munnar almost surrealistically beautiful.

Munnar is situated at the confluence of three mountain streams Mudrapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala. Located at 1600 M above sea level, this was once the summer resort of the erstwhile British Government in South India. Sprawling tea plantations, picture book towns, winding lanes, trekking and holiday facilities make Munnar unique experience. The visitor is greeted with miles and miles of unending tea plantations on entry into Munnar.

Munnar is situated at the confluence of three mountain streams Mudrapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala. Located at 1600 M above sea level, this was once the summer resort of the erstwhile British Government in South India. Sprawling tea plantations, picture book towns, winding lanes, trekking and holiday facilities make Munnar unique experience. The visitor is greeted with miles and miles of unending tea plantations on entry into Munnar.

1.Stood watching a masterly brushstroke in seven colours across a vibrant greens cape ?
2.Listened to the raindrops serenading to sleepy grass blades ?
3.Ever walked leisurely together in absolute care freeness with the cool grass underfoot and a ticklish drizzle overhead?

If not yet, make it to Munnar for the most memorable experience of a life time

Where is Munnar?

Munnar, located about 5200 ft. above sea level is originally a comfort station among the hills built by the British planters. Munnar is only a three hour journey from the most happening city of Kerala, Kochi. It is a land with rolling hills, carpeted with green tea, tropical forest and has a treasure of plants and wildlife that do not exist anywhere else on the planet.

Munnar is one of the most naturally beautiful hill-stations in South India. It is located in the Western Ghats in the Eastern parts of Central Kerala and an adjoining part of Tamilnadu. The former, mainly in Devikulam Taluks of Idukki district, Kerala is usually known as the Kannan Devan hills or the High Ranges. The plantations in High Ranges are clustered around the town of Munnar (10 N 77 E) which is about 130 km from Cochin. Kodaikanal, another famous hill-station is just 90kms from Munnar.

Tea estates adds a heavenly charm to the serene landscape. These estates lie at elevations varying from about 1300m (4300 ft.) to 1900 m(6200 ft.) above mean sea level. Munnar is at about 1500 m (4300 ft.) above sea level. Some of the tea field sat 2100 m (7000 ft.), are among the highest in the world. The highest peak in South India - The Anamudi(2695 m/8841 ft.) - is situated in the High Ranges.

Mattupetty Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Mattupetty

Mattupetty(13 km from Munnar) Situated at a height of 1700 m , Mattupetty is famous for its highly specialized dairy farm, the Indo-Swiss live stock project. Over 100 varieties of high yielding cattle are reared here. Visitors are allowed into three of the eleven cattle sheds at the farm.

The Mattupetty lake and dam , just a short distance from the farm, is a very beautiful picnic spot. The sprawling Kundala tea plantations and the Kundala lake are other attractions in the vicinity. DTPC Idukki provides boating facilities on the Mattupetty Dam. Speed Launch and slow speed motor boats are available on hire.


Devikulam Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Devikulam

Devikulam(7 km from Munnar) This idyllic hill station with its velvet lawns, exotic flora and fauna and the cool mountain air is a rare experience. The Sita Devi Lake with its mineral waters and picturesque surroundings is a good picnic spot. The lake is also ideal for trout fishing.


Pallivasal Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Pallivasal

Pallivasal(8 km from Munnar) This is the venue of the first Hydro Electric Project in Kerala and a place of immense scenic beauty and is often favoured by visitors as a picnic spot.


Marayoor Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Marayoor

Marayoor(40 kms from Munnar) This is the only place in Kerala that has a natural growth of sandalwood trees. The sandalwood factory of the forest department, the caves(muniyaras) with the murals and relics from the New stone age civilization and the children's park spread across a hectare of land under the canopy of a single banyan tree, are of great interest to tourists. Thoovanam waterfalls and Rajiv Gandhi National Park are also nearby.


Eravikulam National Park Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Eravikulam National Park

Eravikulam National Park(15 km from Munnar) The 97 sq. km. park is situated in the Devikulam Taluk and is home to the Nilgiri Tahr. The Anamudi peak (2695 m) is located in the Southern region of the park. Originally established to protect the Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiri Ibex), the Eravikulam National Park is situated in the Devikulam Taluk of the Idukki District. It was declared as a sanctuary in 1975. Considering the ecological, faunal, floral, geo-morphological and zoological significance, it was declared as a National park in 1978. It covers an area of 97 sq kms of rolling grasslands and high level sholas (evergreen forests). The park is breathtakingly beautiful and is easily comparable to the best mountain ranges found anywhere in the world. Sanctuary Visit : The park is devided into 3 regions - the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. Visitors are allowed only to the tourism area which is in the Rajamala region. The Nilgiri Tahr can be observed at close quarters here. Trekking facilities are available here. Tourists are allowed to go on foot up to Anamudi. This is also a place for adventure tourism.


Lock Heart Gap Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Lock Heart Gap

Lock Heart Gap(13 km from Munnar) This is an ideal place for adventure tourism and trekking. The fresh mountain air, the mist-clad hills and panoramic view make it worthy of a visit.


Chithirapuram Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Chithirapuram

Chithirapuram (10 km from Munnar) With its sleepy little cottages, bungalows, old playgrounds and courts, Chithirapuram still exudes an old world charm. Home of the Pallyvasal Hydel Power Project, this hill town is also famous for its picturesque tea plantation.


Anayirangal Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Anayirangal

Anayirangal (22 kms from Munnar ) It's a lush green carpet of tea plants. A trip on the splendid reservoir is an unforgettable experience. The Anayirangal dam is surrounded by Tata Tea plantations and evergreen forests. It is an ideal picnic spot.


Attukal Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Attukal

Attukal (9 km from Munnar) A panorama of waterfalls and rolling hills, Attukal, located between Munnar and Pallivasal, is a feast for the eyes. The place is also ideal for long treks.


Nyayamakad Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Nyayamakad

Nyayamakad (10 km from Munnar) Located between Munnar and Rajamala, Nyayamakad is a land of breathtaking waterfalls. The waters cascade down a hill from a height of about 1600 meters. The enchanting surroundings makes an excellent picnic spot and trekking point.


Echo Point Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Echo Point

Echo Point (15 km from Munnar) This scenic place gets its name from the natural echo phenominon here. Echo point is on the way to Top Station from Munnar. Echo point is a scenic lakeside surrounded by hills which echoes back whatever you say,which is unusual near a water body.Trekking through the surrounding hill tops gives an amazing view of the beautiful hill station located on the tamil nadu-kerala border,the southern most part of india.Climate is pleasant,cool and misty,though heavy showers are common between June-september which gives it a very fresh feel.


Rajamala Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Rajamala

Rajamala (15 km from Munnar) The natural habitat of the Niligiri tahr , Rajamala is 2695 m above sea level. Half the world's population of the rare mountain goat or tahr which is fast becoming extinct, is now found here.The Nilgiri tahr in Rajamalai are now to be found in small herds found in Eravikulam-Rajamala region. The total number of Niligiri Tahrs in Rajamala is estimated to be over 1300. Visiting Time : 0700 - 1800 hrs. Visitors are not allowed during the monsoon. Entry Pass : Rs. 10 for adults, Rs. 5 for children below 12 years, Rs. 50 for foreigners. Permitting Authority : Wild Life DFO, Munnar.


Kundala Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Kundala

Kundala (20 km from Munnar) Kundala is a picturesque town on the way to Top Station. The Golf Course which belongs to Tata Tea Ltd. is located here. The Kundala artificial dam is another attraction. Aruvikkad Waterfall is also near Kundala.


Power House Waterfalls Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Power House Waterfalls

Power House Waterfalls (18 km from Munnar) The waterfall on the way to Thekkady from Munnar cascades down a steep rock 2000 m above sea level. The spot is enriched with the scenic Western mountain ranges, and is an ideal place for a break on the way to the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in Thekkady.


Malankara Reservoir Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Malankara Reservoir

Malankara Reservoir (6 kms from Thodupuzha) Located on the Thodupuzha - Moolavattom road, this artificial lake is accessible by road. The reservoir is ideal for boating and fishing.


Attukal Watterfalls Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Attukal Watterfalls

Attukal waterfalls located between pallivasal and Munnar.this waterfall is situated 9 km from Munnar. The place is also ideal for long treks.

The falls which gushes from a water source located right at the top of a steep hill is the best place for a quite monsoon trip. Attukaal located just nine km away from the must visit hill station Munnar in Idukki district, falls from a hight of 60 ft forming a gurgling stream as it touches the ground. What attract tourists to the falls are the rocky areas around it which is ideal for hiking.


Power House Waterfalls Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Power House Waterfalls

Power house waterfalls is located 18km from munnar, The waters cascade down a hill from a height of about 2000 metres.


Kuthumkal Waterfalls Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Kuthumkal Waterfalls

Kuthumkal Waterfalls is an attracting place in Munnar .In there water falling directly on the rock due to this water mist found near the falls.this is a charming view for the visitors.


Periyakanal Waterfalls Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Periyakanal Waterfalls

Periyakanal Waterfalls situated on the way to aanayirangal dam from munnar.


Thommamkuth waterfalls Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Thommamkuth waterfalls

Thommamkuth waterfalls is a very scenic waterfall near Thodupuzha, in the southern state of Kerala, India and named after the great hunter, Mr. Thommachen Kuruvinakunnel, who let the world know of this beautiful waterfall in the jungle in the late 1920's. Thommachen also played a big part in the discovery of the site for the Idukki Dam. It is one of the major eco-tourism centres in kerala and is a panchayat, belonging to Thodupuzha Thaluk in Idukki District, Kerala, India.

Thommankuthu waterfall is a seven-step waterfall located in forest. A trek of 12 km through the forests is possible. Thommankuthu is developing rapidly in the tourism field and its transport system.


Valara waterfalls Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Valara waterfalls

Valara Waterfalls which is near to the Cheeyappara Waterfalls. is located in between the two towns Neriamangalam the east side border of Ernakulam District and Adimali of Kochi - Madurai National Highway (NH-49). It is in Idukki district, Kerala, at a distance of 14 km from Adimali. The main attraction of this place is Valara waterfalls. Which is in the Deviyar river, a small river originating from western ghats, passing through Adimali Grama Panchayath. It is considered as one of the major waterfalls in Kerala state. The Thottiyar Hydro Electric project, the upcoming project by Kerala State Electricity Board is very close to this waterfall.Valara has chain of waterfalls surrounded by thick green forests.


Nyayamakad Waterfalls Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Nyayamakad Waterfalls

Nyayamakad waterfalls is situated between Rajamala and Munnar,This place is 10km from Munnar, This is a place of breathtaking waterfalls. The water fell down from a height of about 1600 m.


Cheeyappara Waterfalls Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Cheeyappara Waterfalls

The Cheeyappara Waterfalls is certainly a unique spectacle! The awesome scene of white waters cascading down from the top of a peak will remain forever in your heart as one of your most precious memories. The surroundings of the beautiful Cheeyappara Waterfalls are a great place where you can pursue a range of activities, foremost among these being trekking. The Waterfall is one of Kerala's most magnificent waterfalls.


Tea Estates in Munnar

Munnar is a picturesque scope of the lofty Western Ghats. Munnar first came into prominence as a favorite summer resort of the British government. The town of Munnar stands at the confluence of three mountain streams. Come to Munnar. Go trekking. Go boating. Go riding. Go angling. Or just laze about and fill your soul with peace in Munnar.

Munnar is essentially a tea town. The tea plantations have now been taken over by the TATA Tea Company. The visitor is greeted with miles and miles of unending tea plantations on entry into Munnar. TATA Tea, consisting of estates mainly in Munnar, is a dominant player of Tea. The other important tea estates of Kerala are Harrison Malayalam, Michael's Tea, Brooke Bond, AVT tea.

In Munnar we can see the Assam variety of tea plants. Regular pruning keeps its height to a more manageable 4 to 5feet tall. It has an economic life of 40 years with regular pruning and plucking.

Tea bushes are planted 1 meter to 1.5 meters apart to follow the natural contours of the landscape. Sometimes they are grown on specially prepared terraces to help irrigation and to prevent erosion. Fifty years ago tea plants were raised from tea seeds and they were known as seedlings. Each plantation grew its own seed bearers in tea trees which grew to a height of approximately 25 meters. Now young plants are raised from the cuttings obtained from a strong and rich bush. They are carefully tendered in special nursery beds until 12-15 months old and then planted in the tea gardens. Trees are often planted in between the tea plants to protect them against intense heat and light, particularly on the plains of Assam and Kenya, where sunshine is most intense. The trees also provide microclimatic and soil improvements. Geometric spacing are used, often in quite wide spacing. This, again, ensures uniform treatment (shade) and ease in mechanized operations. Common shade trees are Erythrina, Gliricidia, and Silver Oak.

When the tea plant is allowed to grow wild and unfettered it becomes 10 m high. To simplify cultivation and stimulate the production of leaf buds, they are regularly pruned and shaped into flat-topped bushes of about one meter in height. When the plant develops to a height of about half a meter above ground, it is cut back - pruned to within a few inches off the ground - to set it on course to develop into a flat-topped bush. Generally, a tea bush is 1 to 1.5 meters in height. Regular 2 to 3 year pruning cycles encourage the supply of shoots, the flush which is plucked every week to ten days, depending on where it is cultivated.

The tea leaves are mostly hand plucked. The tea plant is plucked every 5- 10 days, depending on where it grows. The length of time needed for the plucked shoot to redevelop a new shoot ready for plucking varies according to the plucking system and the climatic conditions. Intervals of between seventy and ninety days are common.

When the tea plant is plucked two leaves and a bud are cut. An experienced pluckier can pluck up to 30 kg tealeaves per day. To make one kg black tea, approx. 4 kg tea leaves are needed. One tea plant produces about 70 kg black tea a year. In a warm climate the plant is plucked for the first time after four years and it will produce tea for at least 50 years. A suitable climate for cultivation has a minimum annual rainfall of 1,140 to 1,270 millimeters. Tea soils must be acid; tea cannot be grown in alkaline soils. A crop of 11,650 kilograms per hectare requires 3.7 to 4.9 workers per hectare to pluck the tea shoots and maintain the fields. Mechanical plucking has been tried, but because of its lack of selectivity, cannot replace hand plucking. Since 1900, advancements in tea cultivation have increased the average yield per acre in India from 180 to 450 kilograms, with many estates producing over 680 kilograms.

Different Types of Tea

Tea is a caffeinated potable drink that is most often served hot. Tea leaves, which come from the tea bush, are fed in hot water, which allows the flavor, and caffeine that is in the leaves to infuse with the hot water making it a potable drink.

Before the tea leaves can be steeped(to soak in a liquid at a temperature under the boiling point ,as for softening, bleaching, or extracting an essence) in hot water they must be processed. There are several methods to process tea leaves , and each method of processing the leaves we get in a different type of tea. tea leaves are processed by oxidation and drying.


Green Tea Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Green Tea

A very lite amount of oxidation needed to make a green tea. This usually is done through steam or a low heat source. This tea only takes a day or two to process. To prepare green tea you usually just drop the processed leaves directly into a pot of hot water. The leaves will unfold to reveal their full shape. You can then use a filter to strain the leaves out of the hot water, or you can drink the tea with the leaves in the water.

Some people enjoy eating the tea leaves after they brew green tea. Although you can buy green tea that has been packaged in tea bags, green tea is best when it is brewed from the whole leaf.Green teas usually loses its flavour in one year.


Oolong Tea Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Oolong Tea

Oolong tea is usually a darker tea because it has been oxidized more than green tea . It takes a few days to process oolong teas. Both green and oolong teas have higher quality.

Oolong tea or “Black Dragon” is pronounced as woolong,Oolong tea is considered semi-fermented. If the leaves are slightly yellowed the fermentation process is stopped prematurely. When steeped, Oolong tea produces golden or light brown tea with a very delicate flavor resembling neither black nor green tea.


Black Tea Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Black Tea

To make Black tea, tea leaves have been completely oxidized. And it is very dark or red in color. The tea potable drink that is made from black tea is often red, but the dry leaves are black.

This is the variety of tea that most of us are familiar with. It comes in many forms, based on the region where it is grown or the herbs and flavorings added to the tea leaves. Black tea is generally stronger in flavor and contains more caffeine than the less oxidized teas. Black tea retains its flavour for several years.


White Tea Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
White Tea

For the preparation of white tea there is no oxidation take place. White tea is a very rare tea. This is made from the youngest leaves of the tea bush. White tea is often expensive because it is so rare. white tea is derived from the Camellia sinensis plant. It contains polyphenols responsible for the tea’s health benefits.

White tea is also unfermented, The unopened bud of the tea leaf are used to process white tea. The flavor is light and does not have the flavor or odor of green tea, but still have all the same healthful benefits.


Neelakurinji Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Neelakurinji

The rare flower blooms once in a twelve year in munnar has last bloomed in this year 2006 . Neelakurinji flowers adds more attraction to the splendid natural beauty of Munnar. The flowering season ranges between August and November with a peak period of September and October although some varieties exhibit little variation in their phrenology.

Neelakurinji (Strobilanthes kunthiana)

The species name Kunthiana has been derived from the River name Kunthi. The plant grows in Shola grasslands and mountain slopes of the Western Ghats and Nilgiris in India. This plant belongs to the genus Strobilanthes which was first scientifically described by Nees in the nintheth century. The genus has around two fifty species, of which at least forty six are found in India. Most of these species show an unusual flowering behaviour, varying from annual to sixteen-year blooming cycles, on the national scale there is often confusion about which plant is flowering. Plants that bloom at long intervals like this is called plietesials.

Cultural associations of kurinji

With the lives of tribals kurinji lore is inter-twined. Both the Todas of Nilgiris and the Muthuvas of Munnar belive the flowering of kurinji as Lucky. However, there are taboos that prevent them from destroying the plant or its withered twigs until the seeds mature ten months after the flowering.

Neelakurinji represented as the flower of Lord Murugan. The Muthuvan lore believes that their god married Valli, a character in veda, by weaving a chain of kurinji flowers around her neck. For tribals, kurinji is the symbol of love and romance. They also calculated their age as multiples of the flowering cycle of kurinji.

The place of kurinji itself was referred to as kurinji. The five physiographic divisions or ecozones of Tamilakam were referred to as palai, kurinji, neital, marutam and mullai. This classification also applied to areas of Kerala.

Wild LIfe in Munnar

Munnar is a picturesque scope of the lofty Western Ghats. Munnar first came into prominence as a favorite summer resort of the British government. The town of Munnar stands at the confluence of three mountain streams. Come to Munnar. Go trekking. Go boating. Go riding. Go angling. Or just laze about and fill your soul with peace in Munnar.

Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Munnar is one of the most naturally beautiful hill-stations in South India. It is located in the Western Ghats in the Eastern parts of Central Kerala and an adjoining part of Tamilnadu. The former, mainly in Devikulam Taluks of Idukki district, Kerala is usually known as the Kannan Devan hills or the High Ranges. The plantations in High Ranges are clustered around the town of Munnar (10 N 77 E) which is about 130 km from Cochin. Kodaikanal, another famous hill-station is just 90kms from Munnar.

Tea estates adds a heavenly charm to the serene landscape. These estates lie at elevations varying from about 1300m (4300 ft.) to 1900 m(6200 ft.) above mean sea level. Munnar is at about 1500 m (4300 ft.) above sea level. Some of the tea field sat 2100 m (7000 ft.), are among the highest in the world. The highest peak in South India - The Anamudi(2695 m/8841 ft.) - is situated in the High Ranges.

The varied habitat in the sanctuary supports a number of species of terrestrial, aquatic and arboreal animals.Your browser may not support display of this image. The major tourist activities that can be undertaken in the wild life parks are wild life tours. Staying at jungle lodges, tree houses, fishing camps etc. are other facilities available there. Most of the Southern Indian wild animals and birds are found in Munnar and surroundings.

Wildlife is an integral part of the nature as well as human consciousness. With animals and trees, in the lap of the nature, a close association exists between the man and the natural environment.Munnar Wildlife Sanctuary, a home of various wild animals is known for its rich biodiversity and scenic beauty. Munnar Wildlife National Park is a one stop destination for natures lovers. Wildlife in Munnar is enriched with Panther, tigers, Gaur, Elephant, Sambar, gaint squirrel, champak squirrel,somber deer,Spotted Deer and so on that provides an exciting experience.Best Time to Visit Munnar Wild Life ParkThe best season to visit Periyar wildlife sanctuary is from the months of October and June.

Birds in Munnar

Scarlet Minivet Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Scarlet Minivet

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Campephagidae
Genus: Pericrocotus
Species: P. flammeus

The Scarlet Minivet, Pericrocotus flammeus is a small passerine bird. This minivet is found in tropical southern Asia from the Indian subcontinent east to southern China, Indonesia, and the Philippines. They are common resident breeding birds in forests and other well-wooded habitats including gardens, especially in hilly country. While the male is scarlet to orange with black upper parts, the females are usually yellow with greyish olive upper parts. Several former subspecies have been elevated to species status in recent works. These include the Orange Minivet (flammeus in the narrow sense) while the Scarlet Minivet in the restricted sense is used for Pericrocotus speciosus.

Long-tailed Shrike Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Long-tailed Shrike

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Laniidae
Genus: Lanius
Species: L. schach

The Long-tailed Shrike or the Rufous-backed Shrike (Lanius schach) is a member of the bird family Laniidae, the shrikes. The eastern or Himalayan race, L. s. tricolor, is sometimes called the Black-headed Shrike.

It is a common resident breeder throughout the Indomalayan ecozone from Kazakhstan, through Afghanistan, Pakistan, Indian peninsula except eastern states, to New Guinea, found on bushes in scrubby areas and cultivation. Winter visitor to southern areas such as southeast India and Sri Lanka.

The Black-and-orange Flycatcher Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
The Black-and-orange Flycatcher (Ficedula nigrorufa)

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Ficedula
Species: F. nigrorufa

The Black-and-orange Flycatcher (Ficedula nigrorufa) is a species of flycatcher endemic to the central and southern Western Ghats, the Nilgiris and Palni hill ranges in southern India. It is unique among the Ficedula flycatchers in having rufous coloration on its back and prior to molecular studies was suggested to be related to the chats and thrushes.

A distinctly coloured bird found mainly in the high-elevation areas of the Western Ghats, the Nilgiris, the Palnis and associated hill ranges. The male is distinctly black headed with black wings. The female has the black replaced by dark brown and has a light eye-ring. They are usually seen singly or in pairs.

The Malabar Whistling Thrush Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
The Malabar Whistling Thrush (Myophonus horsfieldii)

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae
Genus: Myophonus
Species: M. horsfieldii

The Malabar Whistling Thrush (Myophonus horsfieldii) is a whistling thrush in the thrush family Turdidae. They are also known locally by the name of Whistling Schoolboy for the whistling calls that they make at dawn that have a very human quality. The species is a resident in the Western Ghats and associated hills of peninsular India including central India and parts of the Eastern Ghats.

This large thrush appears blackish with shiny patches of blue on the forehead and shoulders. The blue becomes visible only in oblique lighting. The bill and legs are black. The sexes are indistinguishable and juveniles are more brownish and lack the blue forehead.

The Nilgiri Wood Pigeon Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
The Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii)

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Columba
Species: C. elphinstonii

The Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii) The Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii) is large pigeon found in the moist deciduous forests and sholas of the Western Ghats in southwestern India. They are mainly frugivorous and forage in the canopy of dense hill forests. They are best identified in the field by their large size, dark colours and the distinctive checkerboard pattern on their nape.

This pigeon appears dark grey and a black and white patterned patch made of white tipped stiff feathers on the back of the neck is distinctive. The mantle is chestnut. The male has a paler grey crown while the female has a darker grey crown with a pale throat. The most confusable other species is the Mountain Imperial Pigeon but that species has paler underwing coverts. The feet and the base of the bill are red.

The Red-whiskered Bulbul Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
The Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus)

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Pycnonotus
Species: P. jocosus

The Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) is a passerine bird found in Asia. It is a member of the bulbul family. It is a resident frugivore found mainly in tropical Asia. It has been introduced in many tropical areas of the world where populations have established themselves. It feeds on fruits and small insects and they conspicuously perch on trees and their calls are a loud three or four note call. The distinctive crest and the red-vent and whiskers makes them easy to identify. They are very common in hill forests and urban gardens within its range.

The wagtails Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
The wagtails

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Motacillidae
Genus: Motacilla

The wagtails form the passerine bird genus Motacilla. They are small birds with long tails which they wag frequently. Motacilla, the root of the family and genus name, means moving tail. The Forest Wagtail belongs to the monotypic genus Dendronanthus which is closely related to Motacilla and sometimes included herein.

Wagtails are slender, often colourful, ground-feeding insectivores of open country in the Old World. They are ground nesters, laying up to six speckled eggs at a time. Among their most conspicuous behaviours is a near constant tail wagging, a trait that has given the birds their common name. In spite of the ubiquity of the behaviour and observations of it, the reasons for it are poorly understood. It has been suggested that it may flush up prey, or that it may signal submissiveness to other wagtails. Recent studies have suggested instead that it is a signal of vigilance that may aid to deter potential predators.

The White-browed Wagtail Wildlife Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
The White-browed Wagtail

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Motacillidae
Genus: Motacilla
Species: M. maderaspatensis

The White-browed Wagtail or Large Pied Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis) is a medium-sized bird and is the largest member of the wagtail family. They are conspicuously patterned with black above and white below, a prominent white brow, shoulder stripe and outer tail feathers. They are common in small water bodies and have adapted to urban environments where they often nest on roof tops. The specific name is derived from the Indian city of Madras.

The White-browed Wagtail is the largest species of wagtail at 21 cm length. It is a slender bird, with the characteristic long, constantly wagging tail of its genus. It has black upperparts, head and breast, with a white supercilium and large white wingbar. Unlike White Wagtails it never has white on the forehead. The rest of the underparts are white. The female has the black less intense than in the male. Juveniles are like the females brown-grey where the adult is black.

Spices of Munnar

Munnar is a picturesque scope of the lofty Western Ghats. Munnar first came into prominence as a favorite summer resort of the British government. The town of Munnar stands at the confluence of three mountain streams. Come to Munnar. Go trekking. Go boating. Go riding. Go angling. Or just laze about and fill your soul with peace in Munnar. The major spices cultivated in Munnar are cardamom, pepper, cinnamon, nutmeg, clove and vanilla.


Cardamom spices Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Cardamom (Elettaria Cardamomum Maton)

Grown mainly in Kerala, Tamilnadu and Karnataka, on the shady slopes of the western Ghats. Warm humid climate, loamy soil rich in organic matter, distributed rainfall and special cultivation and processing methods all combine to make Indian cardamom truly unique in aroma, flavor, size and color tempting parrot-green. Indian cardamom is offered to the international markets in different grades: 'Alleppey Green Extra Bold' (AGEB), 'Alleppey Green Bold' (AGB) and 'Alleppey Green Superior' (AGS) are names that register instant appeal worldwide.hotels munnar, resorts munnar kerala, Accommodation Munnar Cardamom oil is a precious ingredient in food preparations, perfumery, health foods medicines and beverages. Indian cardamom enjoys a premium preference in the Middle East, by Japanese and Russians who relish it for its distinct enriching properties. This Queen of Spices is from the High Ranges of Kerala. Harvest season : October to February.

Pepper spices Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Pepper (Piper nigrum)

Pepper is rightly called as the King of Spices is one of the oldest and best-known spices in the world. India has always reigned supreme in the production and export of this. Pepper is probably the most widely used spice in the world today. Indian pepper had a profound influence on the European economy of the Middle Ages.

Two of the most celebrated trade varieties of Indian black pepper are 'Malabar Garbled' and 'Tellichery Extra Bold'. India also offers green pepper in several processed forms -frozen, dehydrated, freeze-dried and packed in brine. Pepper is a perennial climber requiring the support of live or dead standards. It has a limited usage in medicine, as a carminative and as a stimulant of gastric secretions.

Important varieties : Pannier -1,Karimunda, Kuthiravally, Arakkulam Munda, Balankotta and Kalluvally.

Cinnamon spices Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum)

Bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family . The spice is light brown in Colour and has a delicately fragrant aroma and warm, sweet flavour. The Sri Lanka cultivator harvests his main crop in the wet season, cutting the shoots close to the ground. In processing, the shoots are first scraped with a semicircular blade, then rubbed with a brassard to loosen the bark, which is split with a knife and peeled. The peels are telescoped one into another forming a quill about 107 cm (42 inches) long and filled with trimmings of the same quality bark to maintain the cylindrical shape. After four or five days of drying, the quills are rolled on a board to tighten the filling and then placed in subdued sunlight for further drying. Finally, they are bleached with sulfur dioxide and sorted into grades. Cinnamon contains from 0.5 to 1 percent essential oil, the principal component of which is cinnamical dehyde. The oil is distilled from the fragments for use in food, liqueur, perfume, and drugs. The aldehyde can also be synthesized.

Nutmeg spices Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Nutmeg (Myristica)

Nutmeg is the hard kernel of the seed of an evergreen tree, native to Moluccas. These are used in both savory and sweet dishes. Nutmeg has a warm flavor and affinity for rich foods. In Italy, it is used for filling pastas. In India these are used mainly in Moghul dishes. Arabs add it to Mutton and Lamb. Europeans use it extensively in sweet and savory dishes. Dutch recipes include nutmeg as a seasoning agent. In Indonesia, flesh of the fruit is used to make sweet meat.

It is used to relieve bronchial disorders, rheumatism and flatulence as treatment for digestive, liver and skin complaints. It is also used in perfumery, soaps and shampoos.

Clove spices Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Clove (Eugenia caryophyllus/Syzygium aromaticum)

Small reddish-brown flower bud of the tropical evergreen tree Syzygium aromaticum (sometimes Eugenia caryophyllata) of the family Myrtaceae, important in the earliest spice trade and believed indigenous to the Moluccas, or Spice Islands, of Indonesia. Strong of aroma and hot and pungent in taste, cloves are used to flavor many foods, particularly meats and bakery products; in Europe and the United States the spice is a characteristic flavoring in Christmas holiday fare, such as wassail and mincemeat. The clove tree is an evergreen that grows to about 25 to 40 feet (8 to 12 m) in height. Its gland-dotted leaves are small, simple, and opposite. The trees are usually propagated from seeds that are planted in shaded areas. Flowering begins about the fifth year; a tree may annually yield up to 75 pounds (34 kg) of dried buds. The buds are hand-picked in late summer and again in winter and are then sun-dried. Cloves vary in length from about 1/2 to 3/4 inch (13 to 19 mm). They contain 14 to 20 percent essential oil, the principal component of which is the aromatic oil eugenic. Cloves are strongly pungent owing toeugenol, which is extracted by distillation to yield oil of cloves. This oil is used to prepare microscopic slides for viewing and is also a local anesthetic for toothaches. Eugene is used in germicides, perfumes, and mouthwashes, in the synthesis of vanillin, and as a sweetener or intensifier.

Vanilla spices Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Vanilla (Vanilla fragrant)

Vanilla (Vanilla fragrant) is a climbing orchid cultivated for its pleasant flavour. It is one of the few contributions of the western hemisphere to the world of spices. Over 50 species described, only three are important species as sources of natural vanillin, which are Vanilla planifollia Andrews, Vanilla pompona Shiede and Vanilla tahitensis J.W. Moore. Of these, Vanilla plan folia is the most preferred and commercially cultivated. The bean takes 10 to 12 months to reach full maturity. The rostellum of the flower is pushed back with a pointed bamboo splinter and the overhanging another is pressed against the stigma with the thumb, thus smearing pollen over it. The ideal time for pollination is 0600 to 1300 hrs. Among the food flavors, vanilla has a prime position. Vanilla essence is largely used in foods in the preparation of ice creams, chocolates, bakery products, puddings, pharmaceuticals, liquors and perfumes. Vanilla is the second most expensive spice traded in the world market.

Trekking Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Munnar Trekking

Munnar is one of the most beautiful hill-stations in South India. It is located in the Western Ghats in the Eastern parts of Central Kerala and an adjoining part of Tamilnadu. Munnar is a hill town of undulating hills and tea estates. Munnar is situated at the confluence of three mountain streams Mudrapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala , Due to this it has been highly regarded as a trekking destination for travellers to South India.Anamudi and Rajamala are an ideal places for trekking.

Palapetty to Champakad, Karimutty to Inchapetty, Karimutty to Alampetty, Valara (10 km from Adimali on the Kochi - Madurai highway) these are the trekking routs in munnar. Anamudi, Rajamala, Meesapulimala, Top Station, Kundala, Devikulam these are the trekking points in munnar.


Boating Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Munnar Boating

Munnar is 1,600 m above sea level. In munnar three river flow throw ther, Madupetti, Nallathanni and Periavaru these are the three rivers. DTPC Idukki provides boating facilities on the Mattupetty Dam. Speed Launch and slow speed motor boats are available on here.

Boating rates in munnar Rowboat-Rs. 30/ person per hour Motorboat-Rs. 180 for 9 persons for 30 min Pedalboat- Rs. 40 for 2 seater and Rs. 80 for 4 seater for 30 min Water cycle- Rs. 100/ person for 30 min Surfbike- Rs. 50/person for 15 min.

Speed launch: Rs. 200 for 15 min (max. 5 persons) Safariboat: Rs. 500 for 25seats for 30 min.these are the boating rates in mattupetty.

Angling Fishing Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Munnar Angling

The hill stations of Munnar make for perfect places for fishing in the gurgling streams of Kerala. Just 7 km from Munnar is Devikulam dam, The Tourists can enjoy angling in their.

Horse Riding in Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Horse Riding in Munnar

In Hill stations hourse riding is a common entertainment, In munnar we can enjoy Horse Riding, Horses are available for hire around Mattupetty dam and other places.

Elephant Ride in Munnar Kerala munnarhotels.com
Elephant Ride in Munnar

Munnar is a good Place to do an Elephant ride. we can take ride on both road and Forest. But it is most fun to take ride on forest.

Prices start at 350/person for 30m (in peak season April).

Travel Guide of Munnar

Munnar can be reached by bus or car drive up the hills from the nearest city. The mountain roads along the western Ghats offer a breathtaking view of slopping hills, forests, an occasional deer or two, and finally, the green tea gardens. Lot of bus services are available from Munnar to other places of Kerala. Tourists are allowed to visit the tea estates also. Details are listed below

Nearest airports: Madurai (140 km), Kochi (130 km), Thiruvananthapuram (265 km)

Nearest Railheads: Theni (60 km), Kottayam (114 km), Changanassery (114 km), Kochi (130 km)

Bus Timing From Munnar
  Thekkady

Thiruvananthapuram


Thrissur

Palakkad

Palani

Top Station

Ernakulam

Madurai

Marayoor

Coimbatore

Kodaikanal

Chinnar

Dekuvilam
0630, 1200, 1430, 1500 hrs (4 hours)

0840 hrs via Alappuzha, 1030 hrs via Kottayam,1140 hrs via Alappuzha, 1215 hrs via Kottayam, 1530 hrs via Kottayam (8 hours time)

1330 hrs

1500 hrs

0715, 0930, 1130, 1415 hrs.

Daily 8 buses - First trip - 0730, Last trip - 1830 hrs (1 hour)

Daily 8 buses - First trip - 0530, Last trip - 2150 hrs (4 hours)

1430 hrs (6 hours)

Frequent Buses

0630, 1545 hrs (6 hours)

No direct buses. Frequent buses from Theni.

Daily 8 buses (3 hours). First trip : 0630 hrs, Last trip : 1800 hrs

Frequent Buses (30 mts)

Boating
 
Munnar - DTPC boating facilities at Old Munnar
.
 
  Boating Rates Row boat
Rs20 per person per hour
Motor boat
Rs160 for 9 persons for 30 mts
Pedal Boat
Rs30 for 2 seater and Rs60 for 4 seater for 30 mts.
 
Mattupetty
(Boating Time : 0900 - 1800 hrs)

Speed launch

Rs200 for 15 mts ( max 6 person )
Slow Speed
Rs50 for 30 mts.
Motor Boat Rs450 for 30 seater per hour or Rs15 per head. Rs 60 for 4 seater for 30 mts.

Distance from Munnar to different tourist centres
Goa 930 km
Thekkady 110 km
Chennai 600 km
Thodupuzha 91 km
Thiruvananthapuram 310 km
Amaravathy Dam 80 km
Kozhikode 289 km
Theni 70 km
Kollam 252 km
Idukki 60 km
Malampuzha 230 km
Chinnar 64 km
Palakkad 226 km
Marayoor 40 km
Alapuzha 200 km
Top station 34 km

Kodaikanal 195 km
Kundala 28 km
Kumarakom 160
km Anamudi 20 km
Madurai 160 km
Rajamala 15 km
Thrissur 158 km
Mattupetty 13 km
Kottayam 147 km
Devikulam 7 km
Ooty 146 km
Pallivasal 6 km
Palani 122 km
Pothamedu 6 km
Kochi 127 km


Other Useful Information
 
Tourist Information Offices

District Tourism Office, Kumily.DTPC Information Centre, Old Munnar.
  Cycle Rental
DTPC provides cycling facilities at Munnar ( Rs10 per cycle per hour and Rs50 per cycle per day)
  Tea Factory Visits
Permission to visit any of the 26 factories of Tata Tea Ltd. can be had from the Regional Office at Munnar.